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April 25 The genesis / embryo of the so-called "Carnation Revolution" dates back to March 1961, the date when the first riots began in northern Angola.

Over the 13 years of the Colonial War, there were casualties of around ten thousand dead and twenty thousand disabled among Portuguese soldiers and more than one hundred thousand victims who lived in the Portuguese "Overseas Provinces".

Thus, a group of military personnel is planning a coup d'état to overthrow the government by force. They create the Armed Forces Movement (MFA), led by Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho.

April 25, 1974 was the chosen date and the revolt was underway. (Continue...)
April 25 In the preparations for the coup d'etat, two songs were chosen that would serve as a password for the beginning of the April 25, 1974 revolution.

The song "E Depois do Adeus", transmitted by Emissores Associados de Lisboa (EAL), at 10:55 pm on April 24, 1974, was the order for the troops to prepare and be ready.

The song "Grândola, Vila Morena" by Zeca Afonso, transmitted by Rádio Renascença, was the 2nd password, and gave the order to leave the barracks.
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Memories of April 25

At dawn, the MFA military occupied several targets, including radio stations (Rádio Clube Português; Rádio Renascença Emissora Nacional and Emissores Associados de Lisboa) and also television (Rádio Televisão Portuguesa).

In the early hours of April 25, it was through radio that the Portuguese were informed of what was happening.

Memories of April 25

Salgueiro Maia, one of the "captains of april" who played an important role in the revolution, left the Practical School of Cavalry in Santarém and headed for Lisbon. In a first phase, he took positions with the ministries and, once the situation in Terreiro do Paço was controlled, he went to Largo do Carmo, surrounding the GNR do Carmo barracks, where Marcelo Caetano, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister Information and Tourism. General Spínola arrives at Largo do Carmo to discuss with Marcelo Caetano the procedures for his escort from Quartel do Carmo to the place where he will be transported to Madeira. Marcelo Caetano leaves the Carmo barracks escorted by Salgueiro Maia, who transports him in the chaimite, a task made difficult by the people who do not obey the abandonment of the place, making it difficult for the armored vehicle to pass. It will be Francisco Sousa Tavares, at the request of Salgueiro Maia, who goes up to a GNR guardhouse and with a megaphone asks the crowd to leave the square. After the coup d'état of April 25, 1974, an organ formed by the military, the Junta de Salvação Nacional (JSN), was created with the aim of supporting the government of the Portuguese State. JSN has been in office since the statement by President António de Spínola, issued at 1:30 am on April 26, 1974, until the provisional government took office on May 16 of the same year. The National Salvation Board was composed of: General António Sebastião Ribeiro de Spínola (Army - president); General Francisco da Costa Gomes (Army); Brigadier Jaime Silvério Marques (Army); General Manuel Diogo Neto (Air Force - initially absent in Mozambique); Colonel Carlos Galvão de Melo (Air Force); Captain-of-sea-and-war José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo (Navy); Frigate captain António Alva Rosa Coutinho (Navy).